Imatinib

Imatinib

Rational drug design plays an important role in the development of new anticancer drugs. Target therapy is such a new antitumor treatment.

Imatinib (Glivec®) is an inhibitor of the protein-tyrosine kinase. This enzyme plays a major role in the signal transduction.

It blocks kinases in the signal transduction of PDGF (platelet derived growth factor), SCF (stem cell factor), and c-kit. By blocking this signal transduction, imatinib inhibits proliferation and even induces apoptosis. Imatinib also has effects in chronic myeloid leukemia. It has an application in the treatment of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) through PDGFR and c-KIT blockade. Adverse effects mostly involve headache, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and dyspepsia.

1

I Imatinib interferes in the signal transduction. II Imatinib treatment is relatively safe for the patient.